1975 Academy Awards®
Winners and History
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Academy Awards History (By Decade):
Introduction, 1927/8-39, 1940s, 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, 2010s
Academy Awards Summaries
Winners Charts:
"Best Picture" Oscar®, "Best Director" Oscar®, "Best Actor" Oscar®, "Best Supporting Actor" Oscar®,
"Best Actress" Oscar®, "Best Supporting Actress" Oscar®, "Best Screenplay/Writer" Oscar®


1975

Picture:
"ONE FLEW OVER THE CUCKOO'S NEST", "Barry Lyndon", "Dog Day Afternoon", "Jaws", "Nashville"
Actor:
JACK NICHOLSON in "One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest", Walter Matthau in "The Sunshine Boys", Al Pacino in "Dog Day Afternoon", Maximilian Schell in "The Man in the Glass Booth", James Whitmore in "Give 'Em Hell, Harry!"
Actress:
LOUISE FLETCHER in "One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest", Isabelle Adjani in "The Story of Adele H.", Ann-Margret in "Tommy", Glenda Jackson in "Hedda", Carol Kane in "Hester Street"
Supporting Actor:
GEORGE BURNS in "The Sunshine Boys", Brad Dourif in "One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest", Burgess Meredith in "The Day of the Locust", Chris Sarandon in "Dog Day Afternoon", Jack Warden in "Shampoo"
Supporting Actress:
LEE GRANT in "Shampoo", Ronee Blakley in "Nashville", Sylvia Miles in "Farewell, My Lovely", Lily Tomlin in "Nashville", Brenda Vaccaro in "Jacqueline Susann's Once Is Not Enough"
Director:
MILOS FORMAN for "One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest", Robert Altman for "Nashville", Federico Fellini for "Amarcord", Stanley Kubrick for "Barry Lyndon", Sidney Lumet for "Dog Day Afternoon"



Director Milos Forman's One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest was the first film since It Happened One Night (1934) that swept the five major Oscar awards - called the Big Five:

The record-tying film (with nine nominations and five wins) was an adaptation of Ken Kesey's 1962 anti-authoritarian novel and Dale Wasserman's play about an unbending, repressive mental institution that lobotomizes attempts at independence, and one man's anti-establishment attempt to bring life and spirit into the rigid, conformist system.

The other four films nominated for Best Picture were an interesting mixture:

For his first major film and box-office hit, Czech director Milos Forman won the Best Director award for One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest. Robert Altman lost in his second bid for the Best Director honor (he had been nominated previously for M*A*S*H (1970)). Surprisingly, Steven Spielberg was not nominated for Best Director for Jaws. In his place, Federico Fellini was nominated as Best Director for Amarcord, based on Fellini's reflections of his childhood in a coastal Italian town in pre-war Italy. [The film was also nominated for Fellini's Original Screenplay - the film won the Foreign Language Film Award for 1974].

The winner in the Best Actor category was long-overdue actor Jack Nicholson (with his fifth nomination, his first Oscar win, and his third consecutive nomination in the 70s, and the third year in a row against Al Pacino) as the life-affirming, ill-fated, free-spirited, anarchic misfit Randle Patrick McMurphy in One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest who eventually submits to shock treatments and an incapacitating, unnecessary lobotomy. It was his flamboyant, individualistic performance that brought Nicholson the Oscar. [He had previously been nominated and lost as Best Actor for Five Easy Pieces (1970), The Last Detail (1973) and Chinatown (1974), and as Best Supporting Actor for Easy Rider (1969).]

Other Best Actor nominees included:

Two other Best Actor nominees were honored for performances in filmed plays: Maximilian Schell (with his second nomination) as Arthur Goldman - a suspected war criminal in an Adolph Eichmann-like trial in director Arthur Hiller's The Man in the Glass Booth (the film's sole nomination), and James Whitmore (with his second and last unsuccessful career nomination) in a magnificent, one-man show/tribute to President Harry S. Truman in director Steve Binder's Give 'Em Hell, Harry! (the film's sole nomination).

The entire slate of nominees for Best Actress was composed of weak or non-lead performances. Nicholson's co-star Louise Fletcher (with her sole career nomination for her first major screen role - and with her sole Oscar win) won for Best Actress for her role (actually a supporting role) as iron-willed, rigid, overbearing, sadistic, tyrannical Nurse Ratched, head of the ward and a symbol of repressive society in One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest. During her acceptance speech, she translated her words into sign language for the benefit of her deaf parents at home - a first!

The other four Best Actress nominees were in unique, unusual roles:

The oldest nominee and winner ever for a Best Supporting Actor Oscar was 80 year-old George Burns (with his sole nomination - and sole Oscar win). He won the Best Supporting Actor award for his role (in his first film in 36 years - his last film had been Honolulu (1939)) as Walter Matthau's curmudgeonly, feuding vaudeville comic partner Al Lewis that sabotages their TV comeback in director Herbert Ross' and Neil Simon's The Sunshine Boys.

Other Best Supporting Actor nominees included:

The winner of the Best Supporting Actress award was Lee Grant (with her third of four nominations - and her first and only Oscar win) as Felicia Carr - a politician's bored wife who has sexual encounters with Beverly Hills hairdresser Warren Beatty in Shampoo. Two co-stars in Nashville were nominated for Best Supporting Actress awards:

Other Best Supporting Actress nominees included:

83 year-old, legendary silent screen actress Mary Pickford (1892-1979) accepted an Honorary Oscar in a taped appearance for the show, "in recognition of her unique contributions to the film industry and the development of film as an artistic medium." (She had been nominated and won only once during her film career, as Best Actress for Coquette (1928/29), and hadn't appeared on film since 1931.)

Oscar Snubs and Omissions:

Director John Huston's classic epic-adventure film The Man Who Would Be King was seriously ignored in 1975 in all the major awards categories, especially in regards to the acting categories for co-stars Sean Connery as Daniel Dravot and Michael Caine as Peachy Carnehan, who were seeking kingship in Kafiristan. It was nominated in four non-acting categories and lost in all of them: Art Direction, Costume Design, Film Editing, and Adapted Screenplay. And as previously mentioned, Steven Spielberg was not nominated for Best Director for Best Picture-nominated Jaws. Although Al Pacino and Chris Sarandon were nominated for their acting (lead and supporting) roles in Dog Day Afternoon, why wasn't John Cazale nominated for his performance as "Sal", Al Pacino's partner in crime?

Monty Python and the Holy Grail, the second film created by the cast of British TV's "Monty Python's Flying Circus" (their first was And Now for Something Completely Different (1971)), was also entirely neglected in the awards. Shampoo was denied Best Picture, Best Director (Hal Ashby), and Best Actor (Beatty) nominations, and actresses that were overlooked included Julie Christie as the shrewd, mini-skirted Jackie Shawn (mistress to industrialist Jack Warden and sex partner with hairdresser Warren Beatty) and Goldie Hawn as Jill. And Michael Ritchie's parody of the Young American Miss beauty contest in Smile was also ignored by the Academy.

A number of potential acting nominations were also neglected:

Other performances overlooked included Barbra Streisand as Fanny Brice in Funny Lady, Diane Keaton as Sonja in Woody Allen's Love and Death, and Candice Bergen as a prostitute in Bite the Bullet and as American hostage Eden Pedecaris in The Wind and the Lion.



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