Intolerance (1916), 183 minutes (original 238 minutes), D: D.W. Griffith
One of the greatest epic films of all time. A film with a multiple-storyline drama, set in ancient Babylon, Rome at the time of the crucifixion of Christ, 16th century France, and 1916 America. The themes of man's inhumanity to man, human struggle and intolerance unite all four stories, resolved simultaneously in one great climax. Another great contribution by D.W. Griffith to the art of cinema, following The Birth of A Nation (1915). For many years, it was the most expensive film ever made, at $1.9 million. The film is known for monumental sets (especially in the Babylon segments), huge casts of extras, and innovative cinematic techniques, including long shots, closeups, and cross-cutting.