Steamboat Bill, Jr. (1928)
Steamboat Bill, Jr. (1928) is the last of physical comedian Buster Keaton's (the Great Stone Face) nine independent feature films and one of the last silent comedies. The film - actually co-written, co-produced, and co-directed by actor Keaton (with director Chas. F. Reisner) was derived from a story by Carl Harbaugh, although Keaton only took credit for acting.
The two most amazing sequences: (1) Keaton's dare-devil, death-defying stunt (Keaten performed his own) when a three-story building facade crashes down on top of him, saving him because the third floor window opening clears his head, and (2) the destructive cyclone sequence.
The farcical film, probably Keaton's funniest, was his second to last silent feature film - he followed it with two final silent comedies at MGM: The Cameraman (1928) and Spite Marriage (1929). His independent feature films for producer Joseph Schenck (from 1923 to 1928) were:
- Three Ages (1923), with Wallace Beery and Oliver Hardy
- Our Hospitality (1923), with Natalie Talmadge (Keaton's real-life wife)
- Sherlock, Jr. (1924), with Kathryn McGuire
- The Navigator (1924), with Kathryn McGuire
- Seven Chances (1925), with Ruth Dwyer
- Go West (1925), with Kathleen Myers
- The General (1927), with Marion Mack
- College (1927), with Ann Cornwall
- Steamboat Bill, Jr. (1928), with Marion Byron
This was Keaton's last independent film for producer Schenck, and he went on to make a few films for MGM, but none of them (except possibly for The Cameraman (1928)) reached the same heights of innovative brilliance.
The story involves the father-son tale of an educated, effeminate, accident-prone, college-educated but simple-minded son - an archetypal underdog American hero - who ultimately is transformed and triumphs when he assists and impresses his burly, red-necked, hard-working Mississippi steamboat captain father in combating the threatening efforts of a rival tycoon to take over the Mississippi steamboat business in the South - and also wins over the business rival's daughter.The Story
The opening - a slow pan from right to left - sets the locale in the small, riverside town of River Junction, Mississippi in the Deep South. A fancy and modern "new steamer" paddle-wheeling on the Mississippi River is named the "King" - it approaches the town's waterfront dock on its inaugural cruise. The handsome riverboat is owned by formally-dressed John James King (Tom McGuire). Already moored at the dock is "the old steamer," a dilapidated boat named "Stonewall Jackson." The owner of the ancient Mississippi steamer is tough and brawny captain William Canfield (Ernest Torrence), better known as Steamboat Bill. During the festivities, he smokes a pipe and spits to the side, showing his disgust for the competition. Bill's "first and last mate" is round-faced and rotund Tom (Tom Lewis).
After the "King" is tied up, J. J. King delivers a speech to the large crowd of bystanders assembled on the bunting-decorated dock. A dissolve cuts away to three signs that display King's prosperous enterprises:
- River Junction Bank, J. J. KING, President
- Hotel King
- King (a sign on the steering tower of the boat)
King boasts how his successful enterprise will ruin Bill Canfield's business:
King: This floating palace should put an end to that thing Steamboat Bill is running.
Tom: (dour-faced) (to Bill): Looks like you'll have to look for a new river.
Bill: I'll run on this river if I'm the only passenger on the boat.
After a fade-out, Bill receives a vaguely-worded telegram (that arrived four days earlier) from his son, announcing the time of his arrival and how he can't be mistaken:
William Canfield Sr.
Steamboat Stonewall Jackson
River Junction Miss
Dear Dad It was Mothers wish that when I had finished school to pay you a visit. I think I arrive Saturday Ten A M You can't mistake me. I'll be wearing a white carnation. Regards
William Canfield Jr.
Bill hasn't seen his son for many years: "It's from my Willie, I haven't seen him since he was a baby." The telegram (and Bill's reaction) hints at the separation that young Steamboat Bill (Willie) Canfield Jr. (Buster Keaton) has had from his father, while he grew up and attended school in the East (Boston). Bill is hopeful that his grown-up son will be a muscular giant ("Must be a big lad by now" and "I'll bet he's bigger'n me") who will aid him in his conflict with the rich J. J. King. Both Tom and Bill realize that it is already Saturday and the time of the train's arrival, so they hop on the Stonewall Jackson's multi-seated, open-air, free shuttle vehicle to the train depot.
Meanwhile, in front of his own hotel across the street, J. J. King purchases a white carnation from a pretty, flower stand girl (the stand is marked with a sign reading "Mother's Day"), generously allowing her to keep the change from his bill. His daughter, college gal ("home from school") Mary King (Marion Bryon - only sixteen years old) drives up in a convertible and waves to her father. They hug and kiss each other, and he admires her fashionable clothes. [Two rival fathers simultaneously greet their children on their arrival home from school.]
At the River Junction train depot, both first mate Tom and Bill Sr. wait there to be reunited with the college graduate, but because it is Mother's Day, there are a large number of possible candidates who wear white carnations. The shoddy-looking shuttle pulls up alongside the modern passenger bus that provides shuttle service to the King steamboat. As the train passengers disembark, Bill is confused and desperate to locate his son, asking: "Any of you boys looking for a father?"
When the train pulls out of the station, the young hero (with his back to the camera) first appears on the opposite side of the tracks looking up at the RIVER JUNCTION sign. Newly-graduated from college, the meek-looking, foppish effete is attired with fancy college clothes (a striped blazer and wide-legged pants, a checked bowtie), a French beret, a pencil-thin mustache, and carrying a ukulele under one arm. Feverishly, young Bill goes from person to person on the platform, holding out his lapel with a white carnation, hoping to locate his father. When he finally reaches his father, the flower has dropped from his lapel - and the display of his flower-less lapel brings no reaction. However, Bill Sr. demonstrates relief and thankfulness that the effeminate passenger doesn't appear to be his son. As young Bill entertains and attempts to pacify a crying baby in a buggy (around the corner and out of the sight of his father) with crazy dancing, Bill Sr. sees his boy's luggage tag on his abandoned bag ("Wm. Canfield Jr, Boston") and knows he has found his son - and then with a horrified, disbelieving reaction realizes what his son has turned out to be.
Bill: (to Tom) If you say what you're thinking, I'll strangle you!
After being reunited with his weakling, embarrassing son by a handshake, Bill Sr. hides the ukelele under his own coat and they walk to the dilapidated shuttle-vehicle. Young Bill (Steamboat Bill, Jr.) mistakenly enters the brand new King bus, and must be yanked out by his father. The bus' uniformed guide, thinking that Bill Sr. is manhandling and stealing a prospective customer, rushes over and steers young Bill back to the bus. Bill Sr. shoves the man into the rear door of the bus and slams the door behind him as the bus pulls away.
Bill attempts to turn his weakling son into a man - in town, he drags his son by the arm into the Hotel King's barber shop to have his thin mustache removed ("Take that barnacle off his lip"). With two razor-sharp swipes, the mustache is cut away. There in another hair-cutting chair, Mary King is also having her short-hair bobbed even shorter. They recognize each other as college chums when their two barber's chairs are rotated:
Mary: Why, Willie Canfield - what are you doing so far from Boston?
Willie: My father's here.
Mary: So is mine and you'll love him.
She drags him out of the shop to introduce him to her 'loveable' father, but as she leaves to look for him, Willie is led by his father a second time to a local hat shop to try on more manly hats, in a clever, slapstick sequence. In the haberdasher store, Willie tries on one hat after another (a total of thirteen different hats in all), mostly filmed from the perspective of a mirror - a checkered taxi-cab style hat, a white fedora, the checkered hat (a second time), a black fedora, the checkered hat (a third time), a wide-brimmed straw hat, a dark felt hat, another light straw hat, a dark western hat, another straw hat, a roundish hat, a high-crowned straw hat, a pork pie (Keaton's trademark hat), and an oversized felt hat. Finally, they agree on a white, wide-brimmed hat. Going outside, the strong wind picks up a cloud of dust and blows his hat off into the river water. And so Willie must once again put on his beret (that he had earlier pocketed in the store).
Young Willie's father is exasperated and shocked that his son is still wearing the beret, and that Mary excitedly approaches with her father - who chuckles while asking:
J. J. King: (to Bill Sr.) Is that - Steamboat Bill, Junior?
Bill Sr. leads his son away a third time to try another make-over, this time to outfit him in the clothing store with "working clothes for the boat." As her father laughs at the circumstances, Mary runs to the store to Willie's side to assist him. With a little-girl tone and with wide innocent eyes, she speaks to him while rubbing his hand. He smells her hair and closes his own eyes - transfixed by her. Obviously, Mary's chagrined father doesn't want any contact between Mary and young Willie. Problems will inevitably arise and their love seems doomed when Willie falls for Mary and crosses the feuding lines of the two enemy families.
Working clothes for the boat - - with her help.
In the next scene, Willie is attired in a stylish, natty yachting outfit as he strides onto the dock - a swagger stick protrudes from under his right arm. His father is aghast. The first mate suggests that Bill, Sr. clunk his son over the head with a heavy wrench, adding: "No jury would convict you." On his way up to the prow of the steamboat, Willie stumbles into a deckhand, and ineptly sends a life preserver overboard. He bumps his head while ascending steps, and touches the hot surface of the steam engine. His progress is perilous as he runs into wires and mis-steps - almost plunging off the side of the Stonewall Jackson. He spots Mary and her father, standing on the deck of their new steamboat docked closeby. Willie straightens his uniform and walks closer, posing for Mary's benefit on a coiled section of rope - he is upended and flipped forward when a deckhand jerks the rope from under his feet. To regain his composure, he pretends to deliver orders to the deck worker - who has since disappeared. His incredulous father witnesses his son's gestures toward thin air.
While J. J. King is speaking with his new captain, Mary runs onto the deck of the Stonewall Jackson and stands next to Willie and admires his uniform. The camera pans up and to the right to reveal King - threatening and yelling with outstretched fist toward his daughter to come back to his boat. In a similar camera movement (only reversed), when Willie steps up next to Mary on her father's boat, the camera pans up and to the left to reveal Bill, Sr, shouting from his steering room toward his son to return to his own boat. The conflict and affronteries continue - one of King's white-uniformed officers evicts Willie by pushing him off the boat onto his own deck. Defiant toward her father, Mary follows Willie onto the Stonewall Jackson and stands beside him. Willie peaceably talks sense to Mary and encourages her to return to her father's boat. J. J. King threatens his rival:
If I find him on this boat again, I'll personally wring his neck.
Bill, Sr. offers a counter-challenge and prods his son to reluctantly step up onto the King. Willie is pushed back and forth between the two river vessels, caught between the two warring factions. After being bounced from one deck to the other a few times, he hangs precariously over the water in the gap between the two boats. Both the officer and Willie topple onto the Stonewall Jackson's deck with their legs scissoring into the air. The officer shakes his fist at Willie, but the young son declines to fight and turns away. Bill, Sr. demonstrates how to fight by making a fist with Willie's hand and shoving/punching it into the officer's face, sending him overboard into the water. He proves his point to his son (with a painful fist) by explaining:
That's what that's for.
And then he boastfully taunts J. J. King: "If anybody else is caught on this boat...my son'll handle him." Willie emerges more assertive and defiant when he repeats the insult, although his father cuts short his boldness and conquest by dragging him away (inadvertently causing him to painfully straddle a deck cable). The scene concludes with the symmetrical shot of J. J. King dragging his daughter away.
Bill, Sr. orders a deckhand to give Willie some lessons in the engine room on how to run the boat: "Show him what makes the boat go" - and then punches his deckhand for mistreating his son ("Keep your hands off him"). The instruction ends up in disaster - twice - when the curious boy pulls (and then accidentally moves) a lever that activates the paddle wheel. The boat repeatedly rams into the stern of the King, sending J. J. King tumbling into the water the second time. Bill, Sr. disapproves and complains about his son's destructiveness and his inability to work:
I'm trying to teach you to run it - - not 'wreck' it.
But he is quickly amused and congratulates his son (and shakes his hand) after viewing his quarreling rival in the water. Willie's father bites off a chunk of chewing tobacco and offers his son a small plug. When he heartily slaps his son on the back, Willie swallows the foul-tasting stuff and faints weakly onto the floor.
Eight Bells and all is wrong.
The next sequence opens with Willie sleeping in his steamboat cabin, where evidence of his recent peanut (or cocoanut?)-eating feast litters the floor with shells. Willie has received an enticing note from Mary that reads:
...I will be waiting in the salon. If you really care for me come tonight. X Kitty.
He removes his long white nightshirt (that covers his captain's uniform) to prepare to steal away and meet her. His father, after discovering that he doesn't really intend to sleep but plans to sneak off, orders Willie back to bed and confiscates his uniform. Meanwhile, Mary receives a stern lecture from her father in the King's salon:
I'll pick the young man for you - and it won't be the son of a river tramp.
Young Willie is admonished with the same orders from his father regarding Mary, frustrating his romantic ambitions.
I'll pick the young lady for you - - and it won't be a girl with a father like that.
After his father has left, Willie removes his nightshirt, revealing that he still intends to rendezvous with Mary - he has dressed himself in his father's oversized clothing. He plumps up his bed to simulate that he is sleeping there, and escapes through a window, but falls off the top deck onto the next level. He tumbles down to a lower level, and inevitably plunges into the water while inadequately setting up a plank to bridge the gap between the boat and the deck of the King. After Bill, Sr. has forbidden Willie to see Mary, he watches his drenched son climb up the side ladder of the rival steamboat - causing him to exclaim to himself: "Back to Boston you go." On board the King, J. J. King, an officer, and Willie all end up in the water. When Willie swims to a section of the dock to emerge from the water, he frightens a young black boy who is playing a guitar - the upset lad tumbles over backwards and runs away.