Best Film Speeches
and Monologues

1961-1962


Best Film Speeches and Monologues
Film Title/Year and Description of Film Speech/Monologue
Screenshots

The Hustler (1961)
Screenwriter(s): Sidney Carroll, Robert Rossen

"You Don't Know What Winning Is"

After winning the ultimate returning pool match with Minnesota Fats (Jackie Gleason), hotshot pool player "Fast" Eddie Felson (Paul Newman) indicted himself and his greedy manager/promoter Bert Gordon (George C. Scott) for being inhumane and driving girlfriend Sarah Packard (Piper Laurie) to suicide:

We really stuck the knife in her, didn't we, Bert?...Boy, we really gave it to her good....Then we twisted it, didn't we, Bert? Of course, maybe that doesn't stick in your throat, 'cause you spit it out just the way you spit out everything else. But it sticks in mine. I loved her, Bert. I traded her in on a pool game. But that wouldn't mean anything to you because who did you ever care about. 'Just win,' 'Win!' you said, 'win, that's the important thing.' You don't know what winning is, Bert. You're a loser. 'Cause you're dead inside and ya can't live unless you make everything dead around ya! Too high, Bert - the price is too high. If I take it, she never lived. She never died. And we both know that's not true, Bert, don't we, huh? She lived, she died. Boy, you better, you tell your boys they better kill me, Bert. They better go all the way with me, but if they just bust me up, I'll put all those pieces back together again, then so help me, so help me God, Bert, I'm gonna come back here and I'm gonna kill you.

Judgment at Nuremberg (1961)
Screenwriter(s): Abby Mann

"I Am Going to Tell Them the Truth" Confessional Speech

Play clip: Judgment At Nuremberg

German's Ministry of Justice judge Dr. Ernst Janning (Burt Lancaster) delivered a brave, lengthy confession of his and every German citizen's Nazi War Crimes guilt during his 1948 hearing, to the protests of his own counsel Hans Rolfe (Maximilian Schell) who interrupted, claiming that Janning wasn't aware of the implications of his words:

I wish to testify about the Feldenstein case because it was the most significant trial of the period. It is important not only for the tribunal to understand it, but for the whole German people. But in order to understand it, one must understand the period in which it happened.

There was a fever over the land, a fever of disgrace, of indignity, of hunger. We had a democracy, yes, but it was torn by elements within. Above all, there was fear, fear of today, fear of tomorrow, fear of our neighbors, and fear of ourselves. Only when you understand that can you understand what Hitler meant to us, because he said to us: 'Lift your heads! Be proud to be German! There are devils among us, communists, liberals, Jews, gypsies. Once these devils will be destroyed, your misery will be destroyed.' It was the old, old story of the sacrificial lamb.

What about those of us who knew better, we who knew the words were lies and worse than lies? Why did we sit silent? Why did we take part? Because we loved our country. What difference does it make if a few political extremists lose their rights? What difference does it make if a few racial minorities lose their rights? It is only a passing phase. It is only a stage we are going through. It will be discarded sooner or later. Hitler himself will be discarded - sooner or later. 'The country is in danger.' We will 'march out of the shadows!' We will 'go forward.' Forward is the great password.

And history tells how well we succeeded, Your Honor. We succeeded beyond our wildest dreams. The very elements of hate and power about Hitler that mesmerized Germany, mesmerized the world! We found ourselves with sudden powerful allies. Things that had been denied to us as a democracy were open to us now. The world said, 'Go ahead. Take it. Take it! Take Sudetenland! Take the Rhineland! Re-militarize it! Take all of Austria! Take it!'

And then one day, we looked around and found that we were in an even more terrible danger. The ritual begun in this courtroom swept over the land like a raging, roaring disease. What was going to be a 'passing phase' had become the way of life.

Your Honor, I was content to sit silent during this trial. I was content to tend my roses. I was even content to let counsel try to save my name. Until I realized that in order to save it, he would have to raise the specter again. You have seen him do it. He has done it here in this courtroom. He has suggested that the Third Reich worked for the benefit of people. He has suggested that we sterilized men for the welfare of the country. He has suggested that perhaps the old Jew did sleep with the 16 year-old girl after all. Once more, it is being done for love of country. It is not easy to tell the truth. But if there is to be any salvation for Germany, we who know our guilt must admit it, whatever the pain and humiliation.

I had reached my verdict on the Feldenstein case before I ever came into the courtroom. I would have found him guilty, whatever the evidence. It was not a trial at all. It was a sacrificial ritual in which Feldenstein, the Jew, was the helpless victim....I am aware. I am aware! My counsel would have you believe we were not aware of the concentration camps. Not aware? Where were we? Where were we when Hitler began shrieking his hate in Reichstag? Where were we when our neighbors were being dragged out in the middle of the night to Dachau?! Where were we when every village in Germany has a railroad terminal where cattle cars were filled with children being carried out to their extermination! Where were we when they cried out in the night to us. Were we deaf, dumb, blind?....

My counsel says we were not aware of the extermination of the millions. He would give you the excuse we were only aware of the extermination of the hundreds. Does that make us any the less guilty? Maybe we didn't know the details. But if we didn't know, it was because we didn't want to know...

I am going to tell them the truth. I am going to tell them the truth if the whole world conspires against it. I am going to tell them the truth about their Ministry of Justice. Werner Lammpe, an old man who cries into his Bible now, an old man who profited by the property expropriation of every man he sent to a concentration camp. Friedrich Hofstetter, the 'good German' who knew how to take orders, who sent men before him to be sterilized like so many digits. Emil Hahn, the decayed, corrupt bigot obsessed by the evil within himself.

And Ernst Janning, worse than any of them because he knew what they were, and he went along with them. Ernst Janning - who made his life excrement, because he walked with them!

Judgment at Nuremberg (1961)
Screenwriter(s): Abby Mann

Defense Counsel Rolfe's Final Desperate Closing Statement for His Client

Counsel Hans Rolfe (Maximilian Schell) spoke on his client Ernst Janning's (Burt Lancaster) behalf, arguing that "Ernst Janning's guilt is the world's guilt":

Your Honor. It is my duty to defend Ernst Janning. And yet, Ernst Janning has said he is guilty. There's no doubt, he feels his guilt. He made a great error in going along with the Nazi movement, hoping it would be good for his country. But, if he is to be found guilty, there are others who also went along, who also must be found guilty. Ernst Janning said, 'We succeeded beyond our wildest dreams.' Why did we succeed, Your Honor? What about the rest of the world? Did it not know the intentions of the Third Reich? Did it not hear the words of Hitler's broadcast all over the world? Did it not read his intentions in Mein Kampf, published in every corner of the world?

Where's the responsibility of the Soviet Union, who signed in 1939 the pact with Hitler, enabled him to make war? Are we now to find Russia guilty? Where's the responsibility of the Vatican, who signed in 1933 the Concordat with Hitler, giving him his first tremendous prestige? Are we now to find the Vatican guilty?

Where's the responsibility of the world leader, Winston Churchill, who said in an open letter to the London Times in 1938 - 1938, Your Honor! 'Were England to suffer national disaster, I should pray to God to send a man of the strength of mind and will of an Adolf Hitler!' Are we now to find Winston Churchill guilty? Where is the responsibility of those American industrialists, who helped Hitler to rebuild his armaments and profited by that rebuilding?!! Are we now to find the American industrialists guilty? No, Your Honor. No! Germany alone is not guilty: The whole world is as responsible for Hitler's Germany.

It is an easy thing to condemn one man in the dock. It is easy to condemn the German people to speak of the 'basic flaw' in the German character that allowed Hitler to rise to power - and at the same time positively ignore the 'basic flaw' of character that made the Russians sign pacts with him, Winston Churchill praise him, American industrialists profit by him!!

Ernst Janning said he is guilty. If he is, Ernst Janning's guilt is the world's guilt. No more and no less.

Judgment at Nuremberg (1961)
Screenwriter(s): Abby Mann

Judge's Delivery of Janning's Sentence by the Court

Play clip (excerpt): Judgment At Nuremberg

Retired American Judge Dan Haywood (Spencer Tracy) sentenced Dr. Ernst Janning (Burt Lancaster) in the 1948 American court established in Nuremberg, ordering the accused to life imprisonment:

The trial conducted before this Tribunal began over eight months ago. The record of evidence is more than 10,000 pages long, and final arguments of counsel have been concluded. Simple murders and atrocities do not constitute the gravamen of the charges in this indictment. Rather, the charge is that of conscious participation in a nationwide, government organized system of cruelty and injustice - in violation of every moral and legal principle known to all civilized nations.

The Tribunal has carefully studied the record and found therein abundant evidence to support, beyond a reasonable doubt, the charges against these defendants. Herr Rolfe, in his very skillful defense, has asserted that there are others who must share the ultimate responsibility for what happened here in Germany. There is truth in this. The real complaining party at the bar in this courtroom is civilization. But the Tribunal does say that the men in the dock are responsible for their actions. Men who sat in black robes in judgment on other men. Men who took part in the enactment of laws and decrees, the purpose of which was the extermination of humans beings. Men, who in executive positions, actively participated in the enforcement of these laws - illegal even under German law. The principle of criminal law in every civilized society has this in common: any person who sways another to commit murder, any person who furnishes the lethal weapon for the purpose of the crime, any person who is an accessory to the crime - is guilty. Herr Rolfe further asserts that the defendant Janning was an extraordinary jurist and acted in what he thought was the best interest of his country. There is truth in this also.

Janning, to be sure, is a tragic figure. We believe he loathed the evil he did. But compassion for the present torture of his soul must not beget forgetfulness of the torture and the death of millions by the government of which he was a part. Janning's record and his fate illuminate the most shattering truth that has emerged from this trial. If he and all of the other defendants had been degraded perverts, if all of the leaders of the Third Reich had been sadistic monsters and maniacs, then these events would have no more moral significance than an earthquake, or any other natural catastrophe. But this trial has shown that under a national crisis, ordinary, even able and extraordinary men, can delude themselves into the commission of crimes so vast and heinous that they beggar the imagination. No one who has sat through the trial can ever forget them. Men sterilized because of political belief. A mockery made of friendship and faith. The murder of children. How easily it can happen.

There are those in our own country too who today speak of the 'protection of country,' of 'survival'. A decision must be made in the life of every nation at the very moment when the grasp of the enemy is at its throat. Then, it seems that the only way to survive is to use the means of the enemy, to rest survival upon what is expedient, to look the other way. Well, the answer to that is 'survival as what'? A country isn't a rock. It's not an extension of one's self. It's what it stands for. It's what it stands for when standing for something is the most difficult! Before the people of the world, let it now be noted that here, in our decision, this is what we stand for: Justice, truth, and the value of a single human being.

West Side Story (1961)
Screenwriter(s): Ernest Lehman

Farewell To A Slain Lover

Maria's (Natalie Wood) anguished ranting at gang members, protecting slain lover Tony's (Richard Beymer) body on the ground:

Stay back!... How do you fire this gun, Chino? By pulling this little trigger?! How many bullets are left, Chino? Enough for you? Or you? All of you! You all killed him! And my brother! And Riff! Not with bullets and knives! With HATE! Well, I can kill now too, because now I have hate! How many can I kill, Chino? How many -- and still have one bullet left for me? Don't touch him!

Afterwards, she said her farewell to Tony: "Te adoro, Anton."

Days of Wine and Roses (1962)
Screenwriter(s): J.P. Miller

Offer of Reconciliation

Boozer Joe Clay's (Jack Lemmon) powerful admission and offer of reconciliation to his wife Kirsten (Lee Remick):

You and me and booze - a threesome. You and I were a couple of drunks on the sea of booze, and the boat sank. I got hold of something that kept me from going under, and I'm not going to let go of it. Not for you. Not for anyone. If you want to grab on, grab on. But there's just room for you and me - no threesome.

Gypsy (1962)
Screenwriter(s): Leonard Spigelgass

"I AM Gypsy Rose Lee!"

Louise Hovick/Gypsy Rose Lee's (Natalie Wood) confrontational telling off of her overbearing stage mother Mama Rose Hovick (Rosalind Russell):

Nobody laughs at me! Because I laugh first -- at ME! ME, from Seattle! ME, with no education! ME, with no talent, as you kept reminding me my whole life! Well, Mama, look at me now! I'm a STAR! Look! Look how I live! Look at my friends! Look where I'm going! I'm not staying in burlesque! I'm moving! Maybe up, maybe down! But wherever it is, I'm enjoying it! I'm having the time of my life, because for the first time, it IS my life! And I LOVE it! I love every second of it, and I'll be DAMNED if you're gonna take it away from me! I AM GYPSY ROSE LEE, and I love her! And if you don't, you can just clear out now!

Gypsy (1962)
Screenwriter(s): Leonard Spigelgass

"I Made You" Revelation

The bitter on-stage cursing soliloquy by Mama Rose Hovick about her untalented daughter Louise ("Gypsy Rose Lee") Hovick (Natalie Wood) after Gypsy's outburst, explaining how she forced her daughters onto the vaudeville stage to live out her own dreams of stardom, expressing all her heartbreak and defiance:

'I thought you did it for me, Mama'...'I thought you did it for me, Mama'. I thought you made a no-talent ox into a star because you like doin' things the hard way, Mama. And you have no talent. Not what I call talent, Miss Gypsy Rose Lee! I made you...I made you! And you wanna know why? You wanna know what I did it for? 'Cause I was born too soon and started too late, that's why. What I got in me...I could've been better than ANY of you! What I got in me...what I've been holdin' down inside of me...if I ever let it go...there wouldn't have been signs BIG enough. There wouldn't have been lights BRIGHT enough!

She then launched into her famous sung/spoken number: "Roses Turn" (dubbed by Lisa Kirk).

Ride the High Country (1962)

Wistful Marriage Ceremony Speech

In this revisionistic western classic by director Sam Peckinpah - considered the first modern western, drunken old Judge Tolliver (Edgar Buchanan) officiated in a wedding ceremony performed in a squalid brothel (Kate's Place). Innocent and sheltered farmgirl Elsa Knudsen (Mariette Hartley), wearing her mother's wedding dress and with prostitutes as her flower-girls-bridesmaids (Sam, Rose, Belle, and Candy), was surrounded by an assortment of rough, degenerate and drunken miners. She was marrying her fiancee, a white-trash miner at the Coarsegold mining camp named Billy Hammond (James Drury), and was advised to have a drink before the "formalities."

Tolliver quietly and unexpectedly delivered a short but surprisingly wise, profound and affecting speech about the meaning and sanctity of a true marriage:

We're gathered here in the high mountains, in the presence of this august company, to join this man and this woman in matrimony.

Now, I'm - I'm not a man of the cloth and this is not a religious ceremony. It's a civil marriage, but it's not to be entered into unadvisedly, but reverently and soberly. A good marriage has a kind of a simple glory about it. A good marriage is, is like a rare animal, it's hard to find, it's almost impossible to keep!

You see, people change, and that, that's important for you to know at the beginning - people change! The glory of a good marriage don't come at the beginning - it comes later on - and it's hard work!



To Kill a Mockingbird (1962)
Screenwriter(s): Horton Foote

Closing Court Argument at the Robinson Rape Trial

Top Pick

Play clip (excerpt): To Kill a Mockingbird

Lawyer Atticus Finch (Gregory Peck) made a convincing closing argument to the jury, imploring them to acquit his falsely-accused black client, Tom Robinson (Brock Peters):

To begin with, this case should never have come to trial. The State has not produced one iota of medical evidence that the crime Tom Robinson is charged with ever took place. It has relied instead upon the testimony of two witnesses whose evidence has not only been called into serious question on cross examination, but has been flatly contradicted by the defendant. Now there is circumstantial evidence to indicate that Mayella Ewell was beaten savagely by someone who led, almost exclusively, with his left [hand]. And Tom Robinson now sits before you, having taken 'The Oath' with the only good hand he possesses - his right. I have nothing but pity in my heart for the chief witness for the State. She is the victim of cruel poverty and ignorance, but my pity does not extend so far as to her putting a man's life at stake, which she has done in an effort to get rid of her own guilt. Now I say guilt, gentlemen, because it was guilt that motivated her. She has committed no crime. She has merely broken a rigid and time-honored code of our society, a code so severe that whoever breaks it is hounded from our midst as unfit to live with. She must destroy the evidence of her offense.

But what was the evidence of her offense? Tom Robinson - a human being. She must put Tom Robinson away from her. (He gestured, pushing away with his hands) Tom Robinson was to her a daily reminder of what she did. Now what did she do? She tempted a Negro. She was white and she tempted a Negro. She did something that in our society is unspeakable. She kissed a black man. Not an old uncle, but a strong, young Negro man. No code mattered to her before she broke it, but it came crashing down on her afterwards. The witnesses for the State, with the exception of the sheriff of Lincoln County, have presented themselves to you gentlemen, to this court, in the cynical confidence that their testimony would not be doubted, confident that you gentlemen would go along with them on the assumption - the evil assumption - that all Negroes lie. All Negroes are basically immoral beings. All Negro men are not to be trusted around our women, an assumption that one associates with minds of their caliber, and which is in itself, gentlemen, a lie - which I do not need to point out to you.

And so, a quiet, humble, respectable Negro, who has had the unmitigated temerity to feel sorry for a white woman, has had to put his word against two white peoples. The defendant is not guilty. But somebody in this courtroom is. Now gentlemen, in this country, our courts are the great levelers. In our courts, all men are created equal. I'm no idealist to believe firmly in the integrity of our courts and of our jury system. That's no ideal to me. That is a living, working reality. Now I am confident that you gentlemen will review - without passion - the evidence that you have heard, come to a decision, and restore this man to his family. In the name of God, do your duty. In the name of God, believe Tom Robinson.

To Kill a Mockingbird (1962)
Screenwriter(s): Horton Foote

Wise Words About How "It's a Sin To Kill a Mockingbird"

Single father and small-town lawyer Atticus Finch (Gregory Peck) shared memories of owning his first gun as a young teenaged boy and his father's wise words about responsibility:

... I could shoot all the blue jays I wanted, if I could hit 'em, but to remember it was a sin to kill a mockingbird...Well, I reckon because mockingbirds don't do anything but make music for us to enjoy. They don't eat people's gardens, don't nest in the corncribs, they don't do one thing but just sing their hearts out for us.


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